Capturing the city would cut Soviet transport links with southern Russia, and Stalingrad would then serve to anchor the northern flank of the larger German drive into the oil fields of the Caucasus.
In fact, it does not stand for anything. When a military operation is being planned, its actual date and time is not always known exactly. This meant that if the projected date of an operation changed, all the dates in the plan did not also need to be changed.
This actually happened in the case of the Normandy Landings. D-Day in Normandy was originally intended to be on 5 Junebut at the last minute bad weather delayed it until the following day.
When did they take place? The armed forces use code names to refer to the planning and execution of specific military operations.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Allied invasion of north-west Europe. The assault phase of Operation Overlord was known as Operation Neptune. This operation involved landing the troops on the beaches, and all other associated supporting operations required to establish a beachhead in France.
By this time, the Allies had established a firm foothold in Normandy. Which Allied nations took part in the fighting? However, troops from many other countries participated in D-Day and the Battle of Normandy, in all the different armed services: How many Allied troops were involved in D-Day?
On D-Day, the Allies landed aroundtroops in Normandy. The American forces landed numbered 73, In the British and Canadian sector, 83, troops were landed 61, of them British: On D-Day, Allied aircraft flew 14, sorties, and were lost.
Operation Neptune involved huge naval forces, including vessels: Somepersonnel were assigned to Operation Neptune: As well as the troops who landed in Normandy on D-Day, and those in supporting roles at sea and in the air, millions more men and women in the Allied countries were involved in the preparations for D-Day.
They played thousands of different roles, both in the armed forces and as civilians. Under the circumstances, accurate record keeping was very difficult. For example, some troops who were listed as missing may actually have landed in the wrong place, and have rejoined their parent unit only later.
In April and Maythe Allied air forces lost nearly 12, men and over 2, aircraft in operations which paved the way for D-Day. The Allied casualties figures for D-Day have generally been estimated at 10, including dead.
Broken down by nationality, the usual D-Day casualty figures are approximately British, Canadians, and Americans.
However recent painstaking research by the US National D-Day Memorial Foundation has achieved a more accurate — and much higher — figure for the Allied personnel who were killed on D-Day.
They have recorded the names of individual Allied personnel killed on 6 June in Operation Overlord, and so far they have verified American D-Day fatalities and from the other Allied nations, a total of dead much higher than the traditional figure of dead.
Further research may mean that these numbers will increase slightly in future. This new research means that the casualty figures given for individual units in the next few paragraphs are no doubt inaccurate, and hopefully more accurate figures will one day be calculated.
Casualties on the British beaches were roughly on Gold Beach and the same number on Sword Beach. The remainder of the British losses were amongst the airborne troops: The losses of 3rd Canadian Division at Juno Beach have been given as killed, wounded and 47 taken prisoner.
The breakdown of US casualties was dead, wounded, missing and 26 captured. Of the total US figure, casualties were from the US airborne troops of them being deaths. The casualties at Utah Beach were relatively light: The total German casualties on D-Day are not known, but are estimated as being between and men.
Naval losses for June included 24 warships and 35 merchantmen or auxiliaries sunk, and a further vessels damaged. OverAllied and German troops were killed, wounded or went missing during the Battle of Normandy.
This figure includes overAllied casualties, with nearly 37, dead amongst the ground forces and a further 16, deaths amongst the Allied air forces.Oct 29, · Watch video · Battle of Stalingrad The Battle of Stalingrad was a brutal military campaign between Russian forces and those of Nazi Germany and the Axis powers during World War II.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June , only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The United States Navy under Admirals Chester Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance defeated an .
Battle of Stalingrad: Battle of Stalingrad, successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad that was a turning point in favor of the Allies in World War II. Russians consider it to be one of the greatest battles of their Great Patriotic War, and most historians consider it to be the greatest battle of the entire conflict.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August – 2 February ) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia..
Marked by fierce close quarters combat and direct assaults on civilians in air raids, it was the largest . Operation Barbarossa, original name Operation Fritz, during World War II, code name for the German invasion of the Soviet Union, which was launched on June 22, The failure of German troops to defeat Soviet forces in the campaign signaled a crucial turning point in the war.
Operation Barbarossa: Battle of Moscow Despite dropping temperatures and critical supply shortages, the German high command pressed on with the attack Lowest temperature The German soldiers were still in summer uniforms and suffered terribly.