He is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poetsa term created by Samuel Johnson, an eighteenth-century English essayist, poet, and philosopher.
Donne has been taken to be the apex of the 16th-century tradition of plain poetry, and certainly the love lyrics of his that parade their cynicism, indifference, and libertinism pointedly invert and parody the conventions of Petrarchan lyric, though he courts admiration for his… Life and career Donne was born of Roman Catholic parents.
Donne was four when his father died, and shortly thereafter his mother married Dr. John Syminges, who raised the Donne children. At age 12 Donne matriculated at the University of Oxfordwhere he studied for three years, and he then most likely continued his education at the University of Cambridgethough he took no degree from either university because as a Roman Catholic he could not swear the required oath of allegiance to the Protestant queen, Biography of john donne.
There he turned to a comparative examination of Roman Catholic and Protestant theology and perhaps even toyed with religious skepticism.
After his return to London inDonne became secretary to Sir Thomas Egertonlord keeper of the great sealin whose employ Donne remained for almost five years. The appointment itself makes it probable that Donne had become an Anglican by this time.
For this offense Sir George had Donne briefly imprisoned and dismissed from his post with Egerton as well. Because of the marriage, moreover, all possibilities of a career in public service were dashed, and Donne found himself at age 30 with neither prospects for employment nor adequate funds with which to support his household.
All the while he repeatedly tried and failed to secure employment, and in the meantime his family was growing; Anne ultimately bore 12 children, 5 of whom died before they reached maturity. As early as friends had begun urging him to take holy orders in the Church of Englandbut he felt unworthy and continued to seek secular employment.
Upon their return from the European continent, the Drurys provided the Donnes with a house on the Drury estate in London, where they lived until By this time Donne himself had come to believe he had a religious vocation, and he finally agreed to take holy orders.
He was ordained deacon and priest on Jan. Two years after his ordination, inAnne Donne died at age 33 after giving birth to a stillborn child.
Grief-stricken at having lost his emotional anchor, Donne vowed never to marry again, even though he was left with the task of raising his children in modest financial circumstances at the time.
Instead, his bereavement turned him fully to his vocation as an Anglican divine. Courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London In Donne fell seriously ill with either typhus or relapsing feverand during his sickness he reflected on the parallels between his physical and spiritual illnesses—reflections that culminated during his recovery in the prose Devotions upon Emergent Occasions, published in He returned to his sickbed and, according to Walton, had a drawing made of himself in his shroud, perhaps as an aid to meditating on his own dissolution.
From this drawing Nicholas Stone constructed a marble effigy of Donne that survived the Great Fire of and still stands today in St. Most of his poems were preserved in manuscript copies made by and passed among a relatively small but admiring coterie of poetry lovers.
He composed the hymns late in his life, in the s.
Even his early satires and elegies, which derive from classical Latin models, contain versions of his experiments with genreform, and imagery. His poems contain few descriptive passages like those in Spenser, nor do his lines follow the smooth metrics and euphonious sounds of his predecessors.
Donne replaced their mellifluous lines with a speaking voice whose vocabulary and syntax reflect the emotional intensity of a confrontation and whose metrics and verbal music conform to the needs of a particular dramatic situation.
John Donne - Poet - The poet John Donne is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poets, which included George Herbert and Andrew Marvell, among others. The poet John Donne is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poets, which included George Herbert and Andrew Marvell, among others. John Donne was an English poet, satirist, lawyer and priest. He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets. His works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poetry, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons. Donne was born in , the son of John Donne, a successful London merchant and member of the Ironmongers’ Company, and Elizabeth, the daughter of epigrammatist John Heywood and .
One consequence of this is a directness of language that electrifies his mature poetry. Holy Sonnet XI opens with an imaginative confrontation wherein Donne, not Jesus, suffers indignities on the cross: Donne, however, transformed the conceit into a vehicle for transmitting multiple, sometimes even contradictory, feelings and ideas.
And, changing again the practice of earlier poets, he drew his imagery from such diverse fields as alchemy, astronomy, medicine, politics, global exploration, and philosophical disputation.
Donne, by contrast, speaks directly to the lady or some other listener. His speakers may fashion an imaginary figure to whom they utter their lyric outburst, or, conversely, they may lapse into reflection in the midst of an address to a listener.
Taken together, these features of his poetry provided an impetus for the works of such later poets as Robert BrowningWilliam Butler Yeatsand T. Donne also radically adapted some of the standard materials of love lyrics. His speakers range from lustful men so sated by their numerous affairs that they denounce love as a fiction and women as objects—food, birds of prey, mummies—to platonic lovers who celebrate both the magnificence of their ladies and their own miraculous abstention from consummating their love.
Men whose love is unrequited feel victimized and seek revenge on their ladies, only to realize the ineffectuality of their retaliation.
None of them shows him spiritually at peace. These poems subsume their ostensible subject into a philosophical meditation on the decay of the world. Through this idealized feminine figure, Donne in The First Anniversarie: In The Second Anniversarie: Of the Progres of the Soule, Donne, partly through a eulogy on Elizabeth Drury, ultimately regains the wisdom that directs him toward eternal life.
The treatise so pleased James I that he had Oxford confer an honorary master of arts degree on Donne. In Donne completed his Essays in Divinity, the first of his theological works. Upon recovering from a life-threatening illness, Donne in wrote Devotions upon Emergent Occasions, the most enduring of his prose works.Biography Early Life Donne was born in London, into a Roman Catholic family when practice of that religion was illegal in England.
Donne was the third of six children. His father, also named John Donne, was of Welsh descent and a warden of the Ironmongers Company in the City of London. John Donne has always been a favored poet for me and this biography was an eye-opening learning experience that has extended my understanding of his poetry further than I thought possible.
John Donne will forever be an enigma, a modern man existing in a medieval world/5(41). John Donne was born on 22 January in London.
His father, also named John Donne, was a warden of the Ironmongers Company and a practicing Roman Catholic at a time, when adherence to the religion was a punishable grupobittia.com: Anne More. John Donne was an English poet, satirist, lawyer and priest.
He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets.
His works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poetry, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons. John Donne () was the most outstanding of the English Metaphysical Poets and a churchman famous for his spellbinding sermons. Donne was born in London to a prominent Roman Catholic family but converted to Anglicanism during the s.
John Donne - Poet - The poet John Donne is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poets, which included George Herbert and Andrew Marvell, among others. The poet John Donne is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poets, which included George Herbert and Andrew Marvell, among others.