Microcontroller based anaesthetia inject indicator

Engr Rana Muhammad Shakeel Engnr. In this system a keypad is provided along with the In the hospitals when any major operation microcontroller and syringe infusion pump. The is performed, the patient must be in anesthetize anesthetist can set the level of anesthesia in terms condition.

Microcontroller based anaesthetia inject indicator

If the operation lasts for a long time, say for suppose for 4 or 5 hours, complete dose of anesthesia cannot be administered in a single stroke.

If lower amount of anesthesia is administered, the patient may wakeup at the middle of the operation. To avoid this, the anesthetist administers few milliliters of anesthesia per hour to the patient. If the anesthetist fails to administer the anesthesia to the patient at the particular time interval, other allied problems may arise.

To overcome such hazardous problems the design of an automatic operation of an anesthesia machine based on a micro-controller is effective.

In this system a keypad is provided along with the microcontroller and syringe infusion pump. The anesthetist can set the level of anesthesia in terms of milliliters per hour to administer anesthesia to the patient with the help of keypad. After receiving the signal from the keypad, the microcontroller controls the signal to the desire level and fed into the stepper motor to drive the infusion pump in proper manner.

The anesthesia is administered to the patient according to the stepper motor rotation the syringe will move forward or backward direction. This particular paper will be very much useful to physicians to see the current position of anesthesia of the patients.

If the level of anesthesia is decreased to lower level set valuethe alarm will be initiated to alert the physician to refill the anesthesia in the Syringe Pump to continue the process.

An example is the microwave oven. It is hardly realized that the oven actually consists of a processor and the software running inside. Another example is the TV remote control.

Very few actually realize that there is a microcontroller inside that runs a set of programs especially for the TV. Automatic Anesthesia Injector system is also an application of embedded technologies in which a microcontroller is used to control the entire device.

The prime use of a microcontroller is to control the operation of a machine using a fixed program that is stored in ROM and that does not change over the lifetime of the system. A microcontroller is a highly integrated chip that includes all or most of the parts needed for a controller in a single chip.

The microcontroller could be rightly called a one-chip solution. But, the micro controller has got all these peripheral facilities on a single chip and hence development of similar system with micro controller reduces PCB size and the overall cost of the design.

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The difference between a Microprocessor and Microcontroller is that a Microprocessor can only process with the data, but Microcontroller can control external device in addition to processing the data. But with Microcontroller the device can be directly controlled without an IC.

A Microcontroller often deals with bits, not bytes as in the real world application, for example switch contracts can be open or close, indicators should be lit or dark and motors can be either turned on or off and so forth. These operations will lead to blood loss and pain. Therefore it is necessary to arrest the pain and the blood loss.

Microcontroller based anaesthetia inject indicator

Anesthesia plays an important role in the part of painkilling. AAI can be defined as Automatic administration of anesthesia based on the bio-medical parameters of the patient, eliminating future side effects and the need for an anesthetist.

Microcontroller based anaesthetia inject indicator

Anesthesia is very essential in performing painless surgery and so an Automatic administration of Anesthesia is needed for a successful surgery. In this design, a micro-controller is used for controlling the anesthesia machine automatically, depending upon the various biomedical parameters such as body temperature, heart rate, respiration rate etc.

Major operations are performed to remove or reconstruct the infected parts in the human body.Microcontroller Based Anesthesia Injector PPT Micro controller based anesthesia injector ppt covers explanation of block diagram, circuit diagram, introduction to . stepper motor connected to injection mechanism, status led and buzzer to indicate the refilling of injection if required.

Fig. 3: Microcontroller based anesthesia system flow chart From the flow chart it is understood that we would like to consider few things, like, initializing switches, LEDs. MICROCONTROLLER BASED ANESTHESIA INJECTOR ABSTRACT In the hospitals when any major operation is performed, the patient must be in anesthetize condition.

If the operation lasts for a long time, say for suppose for 4 or 5 hours, complete dose of anesthesia cannot be administered in a single stroke.

Microcontroller Based Anesthesia Injector Electronics Project Report

Automatic Anesthesia Injector example switch contracts can be open or close, system is also an application of embedded indicators should be lit or dark and motors can be technologies in which a microcontroller is used to either turned on or off and so forth.

control the entire device. MICROCONTROLLER BASED VEHICLE PARKING SYSTEM (MICROBVPS) Acknowledgement I thank God, the Almighty for the gift of life and for enabling me to pursue my undergraduate studies with good health both mentally and physically.

Automatic Anesthesia Injector system is also an application of embedded technologies in which a microcontroller is used to control the entire device. MICROCONTROLLER A Microcontroller is a general-purpose device that is meant to read data, perform limited calculations on that data and control its environment based on those calculations.

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