Doble steam car In Abner Doble developed an electro-mechanical system that reacted simultaneously to steam temperature and pressure, starting and stopping the feed pumps whilst igniting and cutting out the burner according to boiler pressure.
This type of boiler was continuously developed in the US, Britain and Germany throughout the s and into the s for use in carsbusestrucksrailcarsshunting locomotives US; switchersa speedboat and ina converted Travel Air biplane.
Steam could be raised much more quickly than with a conventional locomotive boiler. Holcroft and Anderson[ edit ] Trials of the Anderson condensing system on the Southern Railway Great Britain took place between and Condensing apparatus has not been widely used on steam locomotives, because of the additional complexity and weight, but it offers four potential advantages: Improved thermal efficiency Reduced boiler maintenance for limescale removal Reduced noise The Anderson condensing system uses a process known as mechanical vapor recompression.
Between and Anderson, and another Glasgow engineer John McCullum some sources give McCallumconducted experiments on a stationary steam plant with encouraging results. SHC was interested in applying the system to a railway locomotive and contacted Richard Maunsell of the Southern Railway.
Maunsell requested that a controlled test be carried out at Surbiton and this was done about The locomotive underwent trials and initial results were encouraging. After an uphill trial from Eastleigh to Litchfield Summit, Holcroft is reported as saying: The engine was as silent as an electric locomotive and the only faint noises were due to slight pounding of the rods and a small blow at a piston gland.
This had to be experienced to be believed; but for the regulator being wide open and the reverser well over, one would have imagined that the second engine an LSWR T14 class that had been provided as a back-up was propelling the first".
The locomotive was converted back to standard form in The Argentinian engineer Livio Dante Porta in the development of Stephensonian railway locomotives incorporating advanced steam technology was a precursor of the 'Modern Steam' movement from CC1 which had many novel features.
Waller refers mainly to some rack and pinion mountain railway locomotives that were newly built from They were developed for three companies in Switzerland and Austria, and continued to work on two of these lines as of [update].
|Advanced steam technology - Wikipedia||A broken chain link illustrating poorly managed business' value chain. Definition Value chain analysis VCA is a process where a firm identifies its primary and support activities that add value to its final product and then analyze these activities to reduce costs or increase differentiation.|
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The new steam locomotives burn the same grade of light oil as their diesel counterparts, and all demonstrate the same advantages of ready availability and reduced labour cost; at the same time they have been shown to greatly reduce air and ground pollution.
Their economic superiority has meant that they have largely replaced the diesel locomotives and railcars previously operating the line; additionally, steam locomotives are a tourist attraction.
A parallel line of development was the return to steam power of the old Lake Geneva paddle steamer Montreux that had been refitted with a diesel-electric engine in the s. Checklist[ edit ] All this can be summed up as follows on the basis of the DLM company prospectus: One-person operation for steam locomotives Automatic boiler and remote-controlled steam engine for ships Light-oil firing with clean combustion Low cost of ownership providing good return on investment High thermal efficiency of engine and boiler High-level insulation of boiler, steam engine and piping Modular concept and exchangeable parts Up-to-date bearing technology reducing maintenance and protecting the environment - To which may be added: Ready availability for use Can also be used as part of a cogeneration system with a petrol, diesel or gas turbine engine Lends itself well to combined heat and power CHP operation Can exploit geothermal sources of steam Carbon neutrality[ edit ] A power unit based on advanced steam technology burning fossil fuel will inevitably emit carbon dioxidea long-lasting greenhouse gas.
However, significant reductions, compared to other combustion technologies, of other pollutants such as CO and NOx are achievable by steam technology, which does not involve explosive combustion,  without the need for add-ons such as filters etc. If renewable fuel such as wood or other biofuel is used then the system could be carbon neutral.
The use of biofuel remains controversial; however, liquid biofuels are easier to manufacture for steam plant than for diesels as they do not demand the stringent fuel standards required to protect diesel injectors.
It has been proposed  that, given sufficient solar energy, silicon compounds — or even regular biomass processed into solid fuel through torrefaction — might be refined for use as a coal replacement for this type of engine.features in all new automobile owing to change in customer’s taste for automobile and status symbols attached to car ownership.
All these systems require maintenance and repairs. What Features In The Morden Automobile Are Customer Driven Feature Driven Development Feature - Driven Development is a form of Agile Methodology used primarily in software development. It is a model- driven method that is both incremental and iterative and it primarily focuses on client-valued functions, or features.
Jun 29, · Customer-driven marketing helps to build loyalty, which can lead to repeat sales as well as referral business. One method used by marketers is the implementation of .
It would require a sales person to make the customer's decisions for him or her, for the customer's own good.
Ebejer and Morden also discus an ethical for standard . A. What features in modern automobile are customer driven?
Henry Ford once said something to the effect that the customer can. have any color Model T he wants as long as its black/5. Automotive Point of view. Customer driven.
How the auto industry is transforming to let customers lead the way. Highlights. The biggest drivers of change in the automotive industry today are the customers.
Empowered by technology, transparency and an abundance of information, they dictate the terms for how and when they engage car makers.